1. Choose a word from F451 that you didn't know or you found difficult. Discuss a strategy you used to interpret the meaning of the word.
One word that I didn't really understand at first was the word, "obligate" (found on page 23). A strategy that I used to find out the meaning of this word was to guess from the context of the sentence / paragraph that it was located in.
2. Choose two words from F451 made up of roots, prefixes or suffixes. Break down the word and define and discuss its component parts.
Twitching - "Twitch" means to move slightly or jerk in small motions, and "ing" is the process or act of something.
Memorized - "Memory" means thoughts that you remember in your head, and "ize" means to act in a certain way.
3. Discuss a difficulty you had in comprehending F451 and discuss a strategy you used to overcome that difficulty. How did you trouble shoot?
One difficulty I had in reading "Fahrenheit 451" was all the messages and hidden meanings that the book had contained. I wasn't totally sure of some things (like how birds symbolized the burning pages of books) until I really stopped to think about it. One thing that helped me was to stop and pause and think about the book itself. When I'm reading, I tend to be distracted in thinking of the scene in my head, instead of all the symbols and themes the book is trying to tell me. Stopping and bactracking helps me a lot in the process of understanding everything.
4. Provide examples from F451 of each of the following elements of figurative language. Discuss what they are and how they are used. (Metaphor, Simile, Personification, Hyperbole)
Metaphor: A figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity (An example would be, "She is a mountainous creature". Instead of saying "like" or "as", metaphors just use them as adjectives.)
Example from Fahrenheit 451: "Her face was a snow-covered island upon which rain might fall, but it felt no rain..."
Simile: A figure of speech that compares things using the words, 'like' and 'as'. (An example would be, "her hands were as cold as ice" or "she was always blossoming like a flower".)
Example from Fahrenheit 451: There was only a girl walking with him now, her face bright as snow in the moonlight, and he knew.."
Personification: This is a literary device in which inanimate objects are given humanly attributes (An example would be like the movie Toy Story. Toys aren't really able to think, talk, or move...but in the movie, Toy Story, the toys are given humanly attributes).
Example from Fahrenheit 451: The mechanical "Hound" is often described as having many humanly attributes (or even better attributes, if you really think about it) in that it can smell and see and move and kill, even though it's just a robot.
Hyperbole: A hyperbole is used to show a statement by exaggerating. (an example would be, "Chuck was so sick that he felt he was capable of barfing up a lung". Of course, Chuck can't really barf up a lung, but this is just exaggerated to show how "sick" he is.)
Example from Fahrenheit 451: A great example of exaggeration is when Beatty talks about the history of firefighting, and the history of books. He says, "Classics cut to fit fifteen-minute radio shows, then cut again to fill a two-minute book column, winding up at last as a ten-or-twelve-line dictionary resume." Of course they aren't really cut quite this short, but he's just using exaggeration to make a point of how really short they are to him or compared to what they used to be.
5. Provide examples from F451 of each of the following literary devices. Discuss what they are and how they are used. (Foreshadowing, Idiom, Imagery, Alliteration, Monologue, Dialogue, Assonance, Analogy, Onomatopoeia, Mood, Tone)
Foreshadowing: In literary devices, foreshadowing is when the author shows a snippet or scene of something in the book, that might happen in the mere future. (Example of foreshadowing in Fahrenheit 451 in Question 6).
Idiom: A meaning or phrase that has doesn't mean as it literally sounds. (For example, "To have the upper hand" has nothing to do with hands - it just means to have the advantage.)
Example from F451: There are many phrases in Fahrenheit 451 like when Captain Beatty had said, "Keep an eye on..." while he was explaining the situation with the McClellans. Obviously, he doesn't mean to literally put eyeballs on the McClellan family, he just means that he was keeping a close watch on them.
Imagery: Imagery is used in writing to appeal to one or all of the five senses. (For example, "The swishing sound the dress made against her legs wafted the scent of fresh laundry up to her nose." This sentence uses the "hearing" and "smelling" senses)
Example from F451: "And then he was a shrieking blaze, a jumping, sprawling gibbering mannequin, no longer human or known, all writhing in flame on the lawn as Montag shot one continuous pulse of liquid fire on him. There was a hiss like a great mouthful of spittle banging a red-hot stove, a bubbling and frothing as if salt had been poured over a monstrous black snail to cause a terrible liquefication and a boiling over of yellow foam. Montag shut his eyes, shouted, shouted, and fought to get his hands at his ears to clamp and to cut away the sound. Beatty flopped over and over and over, and at last twisted in on himself like a charred wax doll and lay silent."
Alliteration: This is the use in literature when the same consonant sound is repeated more than once (For example, "she pushed pears through the hole in the wall". The words "pushing" and "pears" both start with the same consonant sound at the beginning.)
Example from F451: "...drank it and snuffed some up his nose." In this sentence, "snuffed" and "some" is an example of alliteration.
Monologue: A long and uninterrupted speech that is given by one single character. (For example,
Example from F451: The speech that Beatty gave on the history of firemen and the history of banned books would be a good example of a monologue. Beatty had gone on for quite a while in a long and uninterrupted speech.
Dialogue: This is a conversation between two or more people.
(IE: "How are you doing?" Said Lena
"I'm doing fine, how about you?" Tom replied.
"I'm doing good, but what did you get on that English test yesterday!? It was sooo hard!"
"Oh, I got an A...it was hard for you?" ?
Lena hesitated, "Yeah, it was hard! I got an F on it."
"Oh, haha. You suck then." Tom couldn't help but giggle at Lena's stupidity)
Assonance: This is the repetition of vowels to create rhyming in sentences or phrases. (An example could be from W.B. Yeat's "Byzantium" which goes,
"Those images that yet
Fresh images beget,
That dolphin-torn, that gong-tormented sea.")
Analogy: This is used to explain when something is similar to something else. (For example, "A street light is like a star. Both provide light at night, both are in predictable locations, both are overhead, and both serve no function in the daytime." http://www.sil.org/)
Example from F451: This could relate to when Montag was comparing Clarisse McClellan to a burning candle, or to a mirror.
Onomatopoeia: This is used when words are said that sound like real life sounds. (For example, "meow" would be the sound of a cat, and "woof" would be the sound of a dog. Both aren't real words and don't have real definitions...they're just...onomatopoeia!)
Example from F451: When Montag was saying, "...and then I came along in two minutes and BOOM! It was all over." The word, "boom" would be considered an onomatopoeia since it imitates the "kabooming" sound of an exploding building.
Mood: This is usually used to make the reader feel a specific thing about a book, passage or poem they are reading by using objects, settings, characters or anything else.
Example from F451: For example, in Fahrenheit 451, the mood of story is based on technology and an unthoughtful life. This is portrayed through the characters, technological objects, and the fast-paced lives of society in the novel.).
Tone: This is the author's attitude, or how an author feels about a certain subject that is written in a literary work.
Example from F451: For example, in Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury looks to the future with optimism, but also with trepidation. He feels that as the future drags on, society's intelligence is going to lower and eventually collapse. However, he feels optimistic about this subject, because he believes that there will be a group of people that will bring society back together.
6. How does foreshadowing play a role in the plot of F451? Provide examples.
An example of foreshadowing could be when Ray Bradbury writes about the ventilator grille. Throughout the beginning of the book, Montag constantly worries about what he keeps inside the ventilator grille, and if anyone was going to find out about it or not. This foreshadows what might happen in the mere future (what's in the ventilator grille? Are they illegal substances? Are they books? Will the people find out!?).
7. Compare a character in F451 with a character from a different novel that you have read. Give specific examples from the text.
I think that the character, Mildred, is a lot like the character, Scarlett O' Hara from the book, "Gone With the Wind". I think both of them are thoughtless, selfish, and only think about themselves instead of listening to others.
Mildred Montag: Mildred's selfishness isn't her fault - it's society's. However, she is still selfish and self-centered as a person when I (as an individual) view her. In the book, "Fahrenheit 451", Montag had bought her three TV walls, but she complains and asks for a fourth one saying, "think about me for once!". This shows her "want-want-want" attitude, and how she doesn't really puts herself in Montag's perspective to see how he's feeling. She also doesn't show a lot of respect towards Montag. At one point in the novel, Montag was sick, and she could barely even get a glass of water for him, even when he requested it several times. She also was stubborn to turn the volume down in the TV parlor, and ignored his pleading remarks. Mildred is portrayed as a thoughtless person, and just does things to her own accord.
Scarlett O' Hara: Although Scarlett is a bit more of a thinker and a bit better than Mildred (She knows how to plot her manipulative plans, and she knows how to win the hearts of any man), she's just as selfish and she's just as thoughtless. Throughout the book, "Gone With the Wind" she only cares about herself, and how the Civil War would effect her money and her house. Even in wikipedia, she is described as, "selfish, shred and vain". She claims to be in love with another character, Ashley Wilkes, but when Melanie Hamilton marries him instead, Scarlett throws a fit of rage and marries Melanie's brother out of spite. Throughout the course of the book Scarlett marries three times (first two men dying from the war - the book is set in the Civil War era), but usually only to gain wealth and fame. Rhett Butler (her last husband), ends up leaving her because she only used him to get what she wanted (and ruined other people's lives in the process!). Throughout their marriage, she repressed him, and denied him having anything despite the fact that he did everything for her.
8. Based on F451, what inferences could you make about Bradbury’s point of view of society? Support your inference with two specific references to the novel.
In my opinion, I think that Ray Bradbury believes that one day, society's intelligence will lower, and our whole society will eventually collapse. As the future drags on, the people get dumber and dumber, and high school graduation rates are lowering as well as reading rates. In Fahrenheit 451, it depicts a society that's slowly deteriorating. No one's a thinker anymore, and no one stops to care about others besides themselves (but, Bradbury had said that he's not trying to predict the future, he's just trying to prevent it).
I also believe that Ray Bradbury looks to the future with trepidation since as our society grows and changes, our technology gets better. In this novel, it shows how technology eventually works against us in most cases, and how it could really bring us down as a person. The new "TVs" take over a whole room, and enclose the person in a different world without thoughts. The Mechanical Hound also plays a large role in society, since it's basically a killing machine. Many people use the Mechanical Hounds to commit suicide (the hound will inject poison into their neck by getting set to a certain state) because most are either confused or unhappy with their lives. This, again, how Ray Bradbury shows how technology works against us in the grand scheme of things.
However, admist all of this sadness that our society will eventually collapse, Ray Bradbury still remains to be an optimist. Despite all the non-thinkers there are in the world, there is still some hope left with a small group of people who are still "thinkers". At the end of the novel, Montag meets a group of people who are actual meaningful people. One by one, they all make a plan to start rebuilding the world, step by step. This shows Bradbury's hope that no matter what happens to our society, it can all reach a new beginning.
Overall, I think that Ray Bradbury would be in a sad mood throughout the whole feel of the book, but he shows that here is hope in the end (optimism).
9. Based on the information in F451, what inference could you make about what must have happened before the story began? Include one detail from the story in your answer.
When Beatty explains the history of firemen and the history of books, he briefly summarizes what had happened that led society to where it was. Like he said, there was probably a lot of controversy over many books and pieces or writings that made people upset and complain to the government. Books on race, religion, magic, pregnancy and other things were banned because it brought up too many social issues which many disagreed upon. The government didn't want people to be upset over things like this, or to think too much, so they started banning books, poems, and other literary works...one by one.
Also, as more jobs were created, the busier everyone's lives had gotten. People didn't end have time to read books or go to school or do anything like that. Slowly, books and dictionaries and other things were shortened to a few paragraphs, a few sentences, a headline...and then BAM (just like Beatty had explained it - although he obviously was exaggerating just a bit).
10. What are two elements typical of a drama? Discuss whether F451 would be suitable for dramatization.
Two elements that are typical for a drama would be a climax, and a main antagonist. All books aren't good without a climax (of course), but this is essentially vital to a "drama" to create tension and anticipation. Also, a good drama wouldn't be good without a main antagonist that fights against the main character. This also builds suspense and tension to add to the story. In Fahrenheit 451, the climax is when Montag is running away from the police and finally breaks free of his old life. The main antagonists of the Fahrenheit 451 novel were Beatty (in a sense, since he follows the law really closely, and he has a scary and nasty demeanor towards Montag towards the end of the story), the firemen and the government.
11. Give an example of imagery from F451 that creates a sense of peace and explain how it creates this feeling.
I think that a good example of peace would be from this excerpt of the novel:
"He floated on his back when the valise filled and sank; the river was mild and leisurely, going away from the people who ate shadows for breakfast and steam for lunch and vapors for supper. The river was very real; it held him comfortably and gave him the time at last, the leisure ,to consider this month, this year, and a lifetime of years. He listened to his heart slow. His thoughts stopped rushing with his blood.
He saw the moon low in the sky now. The moon there, and the light of the moon caused by what? By the sun, of course. And what lights the sun? Its own fire. And the sun goes on, day after day, burning and burning. The sun and time. The sun and time and burning. Burning. The river bobbled him along gently. Burning. The sun and every clock on the earth. It all came together and became a single thing in his mind. After a long tmie of floating on the land and a short time of floating in the river he knew why he must never burn again in his life." (Bradbury 142)
I think that this passage creates a sense of peace because it talks about how Montag is just floating and bobbing along in the river, looking at the sky, and thinking about the stars, moon and sun. To me, this seems quite relaxing and peaceful. The river is described to be as calm and undisturbing to his thoughts while he just stares out into the big and open sky. A world open with variety and diversity. The sound of the slow rushing water and the cool night breeze would be able to calm anyone's senses.
12. Give an example of imagery from F451 that creates a sense of fear and explain how it creates this feeling.
I think that a good example of imagery and fear would be this:
"And then he was a shrieking blaze, a jumping, sprawling gibbering mannequin, no longer human or known, all writhing in flame on the lawn as Montag shot one continuous pulse of liquid fire on him. There was a hiss like a great mouthful of spittle banging a red-hot stove, a bubbling and frothing as if salt had been poured over a monstrous black snail to cause a terrible liquefication and a boiling over of yellow foam. Montag shut his eyes, shouted, shouted, and fought to get his hands at his ears to clamp and to cut away the sound. Beatty flopped over and over and over, and at last twisted in on himself like a charred wax doll and lay silent."
This passage definitely resembles imagery and fear, because it talks about how a man (Beatty) is being burnt to death. You can see the fire that's described in this novel, and you can see feel the heat radiating off the burning body, and you can see the monstrous black snail, and you can hear the hiss of the fire like a stove, and you can smell the charred remains of Beatty after he is burnt to death. This is also scary (to me) in a sense because it is describing murder in a very detailed way. At the end, the reader can also sense how Montag must feel after burning Beatty. Fear, regret, disbelief and confusion could be felt from Montag's actions.
13. What truths about being human does F451 reveal? Support your answer with specific references to both texts.
I think that Ray Bradbury shows how humans are able to change their thoughts and ways of life even in the most difficult situations. At the beginning of the novel, Montag was just like everyone else. He was a boring "non-thinker" who went about his every day routine without giving it a second thought. He was stuck like the rest of the people in society. However, after meeting Clarisse, he becomes confused, and changes his way of thinking. Throughout the story, it gradually shows how Montag evolves.